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Kubernetes (K8s)
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Andrii Sh., Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Cherkasy, Ukraine
Last Updated: 4 Jul 2023

- 24 years of professional expertise in the IT industry; - 2+ years of work experience with Kubernetes; - 6+ years of experience with Docker; - Solid skills in working with AWS Cloud Platform; - Experience with blockchain projects on Ethereum and Polkadot; - Deep knowledge of building and supporting monitoring and alerting systems using Grafana and Prometheus; - Good understanding of work with Terraform. - Skilled in designing, building, and improvement of the IT infrastructure; - Experienced in the implementation of solutions on Microsoft\ Apple \ and Unix platforms - Deep understanding of building virtual and cloud environments; - Experience in building corporate backup systems;

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Serhii, Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Last Updated: 3 Jun 2024
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• 15+ years of commercial software development experience • Solid knowledge of Solidity, C++, JavaScript, TypeScript; • Deep understanding of blockchain architecture and smart contract logic; • Cosmos, Tron, Avalanche, Binance Smart Chain, Ethereum dApps; • Strong skills in developing NFT smart contracts. Support and payload verification; • NFT Marketplaces (ERC - 721/1155), Crypto Payment Solutions & DeFi Cross Chain Bridges - ERC-20 Tokens, ICO, DEX, Staking, Swapping; • Highly qualified knowledge of Stripe payment system integration to blockchain data; • 10+ years experience working with Python; • 5 years experience working with Node.js; • Strong abilities with Express; • Experience working with Docker, and Kubernetes (K8s); • 3+ years of development experience with React.js. • No scheduled vacations within the next 3 months;

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Kubernetes (K8s)

Kubernetes (K8s)



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Node.js   5 yr.


React   3 yr.

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Henry A., Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Last Updated: 16 Jul 2024
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- 9+ years experience working with Python; - 3+ years of experience with AI/ML projects - 5 years of experience with PowerBI and 4 years of experience with Tableau and other visualization tools like Spotfire, - 6 years of experience working with MySQL, SQL, and PostgreSQL; - 8 years of experience with various data sets (ETL, Data Engineer, Data Quality Engineer); - 3 years of experience with Amazon Web Services (AWS), Google Cloud Platform (GCP); - Proven commercial experience in HR and related Talent projects - Extensive experience with Spark and Hadoop - Background with TensorFlow, Scikit-learn and PyTorch - Data Analytics/Engineering with Cloud Service Providers (AWS, GCP) - Deep abilities working with Kubernetes (K8s); - Hands-on scripting experience with Python; Microsoft Power BI, Tableau, Sisense, CI/CD principles, Data Validation, Data QA, SQL, Pipelines, ETL, and Automated web scraping. - Pet web3 projects (solidity, wallet integration) - Upper-intermediate English

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Kubernetes (K8s)


Python   9 yr.

Data Analysis

Data Analysis   6 yr.


SQL   6 yr.

Microsoft Power BI

Microsoft Power BI   5 yr.



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Roman F., Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Last Updated: 3 Jun 2024
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- Experienced Software Engineer with 8 years of commercial experience in demanding environments, focused on producing cutting-edge systems for businesses. - Skilled in infrastructure cost optimization, Kubernetes, and Terraform. - Proficient in PHP, JavaScript, Golang, and various databases such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and MongoDB. - Extensive experience with Amazon Web Services (AWS) and containerization technologies like Docker. - Strong background in computer science with a Master's degree in Computer Science. - Familiar with Agile and Scrum methodologies, as well as software development practices and SDLC. - Excellent communication skills and fluent in Ukrainian with advanced English proficiency.

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Kubernetes (K8s)



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Nickson M., Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Kampala, Uganda
Last Updated: 4 Jul 2023
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- 6 years of experience in IT - 5 years of experience with Golang - 6 years of experience with Python - Fluent English - Available ASAP

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Python   6 yr.


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Table of Contents

Pros & cons of Kubernetes (K8s)

Pros & cons

6 Pros of Kubernetes (K8s)

  • Scalability: Kubernetes is designed to handle large-scale deployments and can easily scale applications up or down based on demand. It provides automatic scaling and load balancing, allowing businesses to handle increased traffic without any disruption.
  • High Availability: Kubernetes ensures high availability by automatically managing the distribution and scheduling of containers across multiple nodes. It can detect and replace failed containers or nodes, ensuring that applications are always up and running.
  • Flexibility: Kubernetes supports various container runtimes, including Docker, rkt, and others, giving developers the flexibility to choose the tools that best suit their needs. It also supports multiple cloud providers, allowing applications to be easily deployed across different environments.
  • Self-healing: Kubernetes constantly monitors the health of applications and automatically restarts or replaces any failed containers. It also provides rolling updates, allowing applications to be updated without downtime.
  • Declarative Configuration: Kubernetes uses a declarative approach, allowing developers to define the desired state of their applications and infrastructure. This makes it easier to manage and maintain complex deployments, as Kubernetes will automatically make the necessary changes to achieve the desired state.
  • Community and Ecosystem: Kubernetes has a large and active community, with contributions from major tech companies. This results in a rich ecosystem of tools, libraries, and integrations that enhance the capabilities of Kubernetes and make it easier to use.

6 Cons of Kubernetes (K8s)

  • Complexity: Kubernetes has a steep learning curve and can be complex to set up and manage, especially for beginners. It requires a good understanding of containerization concepts and infrastructure management.
  • Resource Requirements: Kubernetes requires a significant amount of resources to run effectively. It needs dedicated hardware or virtual machines, which can increase infrastructure costs.
  • Operational Overhead: Managing and operating a Kubernetes cluster requires ongoing effort and expertise. It may require dedicated personnel or teams to handle tasks such as monitoring, troubleshooting, and upgrades.
  • Networking Challenges: Kubernetes networking can be complex, especially when dealing with distributed applications or hybrid cloud environments. Configuring and troubleshooting network connectivity between containers and services can be challenging.
  • Steep Learning Curve: Kubernetes has a complex set of concepts and terminology that developers and administrators need to learn. It may take time and effort to become proficient in using Kubernetes effectively.
  • Potential Vendor Lock-in: While Kubernetes is open source and has a wide range of cloud provider support, there is still a risk of vendor lock-in when using specific cloud provider offerings or proprietary extensions.

Cases when Kubernetes (K8s) does not work

Does not work
  1. Insufficient resources: Kubernetes may not work properly if there are not enough resources available in the cluster. This can lead to performance issues, pods not being scheduled, or even crashes. It is important to ensure that the cluster has enough CPU, memory, and storage resources to handle the workload.
  2. Networking issues: Kubernetes heavily relies on networking for communication between pods, services, and nodes. If there are network connectivity problems within the cluster or with external resources, it can result in pods not being able to reach each other, services not being accessible, or network traffic being disrupted.
  3. Incompatible or outdated software versions: Kubernetes is a complex system composed of multiple components such as the control plane, etcd, kubelet, and container runtime. If these components are running on incompatible or outdated versions, it can lead to various issues, including instability or incompatibility with certain features or configurations.
  4. Improper configuration: Kubernetes offers a wide range of configuration options, and misconfigurations can cause it to malfunction. Incorrectly defining resource limits, setting up networking policies incorrectly, or misconfiguring access control can result in unexpected behavior or failures within the cluster.
  5. Hardware or infrastructure failures: Like any distributed system, Kubernetes is vulnerable to hardware or infrastructure failures. If nodes fail, disks become corrupt, or network connectivity is lost, it can impact the availability and reliability of the cluster. Implementing proper monitoring and redundancy strategies can help mitigate these risks.
  6. Complexity and steep learning curve: Kubernetes is a powerful and flexible orchestration platform, but it also has a steep learning curve. It requires a solid understanding of its concepts, architecture, and best practices to effectively operate and troubleshoot issues. Lack of expertise or experience in managing Kubernetes can lead to misconfigurations, poor performance, or other problems.

TOP 10 Kubernetes (K8s) Related Technologies

Related Technologies
  • Programming languages

    Kubernetes supports various programming languages such as Python, Go, Java, and JavaScript. Python is popular for its simplicity and readability, while Go is known for its performance and scalability. Java is widely used in enterprise applications, and JavaScript is commonly used for frontend development.

  • Containers

    Containers play a crucial role in Kubernetes development. Docker is the most widely used containerization platform, allowing developers to package their applications and dependencies into portable containers. Containerd and CRI-O are also popular container runtimes used with Kubernetes.

  • Container Orchestration

    Kubernetes is a container orchestration platform, and tools like Helm and Kustomize help in managing the deployment and configuration of applications on Kubernetes clusters. Helm provides templating and packaging capabilities, while Kustomize allows for customization of Kubernetes manifests.

  • Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD)

    CI/CD tools like Jenkins, GitLab CI/CD, and CircleCI are commonly used for automating the build, testing, and deployment processes in Kubernetes development. These tools integrate with Kubernetes to enable seamless deployment and scaling of applications.

  • Service Mesh

    Service mesh technologies like Istio and Linkerd provide advanced networking and observability capabilities for microservice architectures on Kubernetes. They help in managing traffic, enforcing security policies, and monitoring the health of services.

  • Monitoring and Logging

    Prometheus and Grafana are popular tools for monitoring Kubernetes clusters and applications running on them. They provide metrics collection, visualization, and alerting capabilities. For logging, tools like Elasticsearch, Fluentd, and Kibana (EFK stack) are commonly used.

  • Infrastructure as Code (IaC)

    Infrastructure as Code tools like Terraform and Ansible enable the provisioning and management of Kubernetes clusters and infrastructure resources. They allow for declarative configuration and automation of infrastructure deployment.

Let’s consider Difference between Junior, Middle, Senior, Expert/Team Lead developer roles.

Seniority NameYears of experienceResponsibilities and activitiesAverage salary (USD/year)
Junior Developer0-2 yearsJunior developers are typically responsible for working on smaller tasks under the guidance of more experienced developers. They assist in coding, testing, and debugging software, and may be involved in documenting requirements and providing support for end-users.$50,000 – $70,000
Middle Developer2-5 yearsMiddle developers have gained some experience and are capable of working on more complex tasks independently. They contribute to the design and implementation of software solutions, collaborate with other team members, and may provide mentorship to junior developers.$70,000 – $90,000
Senior Developer5-10 yearsSenior developers possess a deep understanding of software development principles and have significant experience in their field. They take on larger and more critical projects, provide technical leadership, and are responsible for ensuring high-quality code and system architecture.$90,000 – $120,000
Expert/Team Lead10+ yearsExpert developers or team leads have extensive industry experience and are recognized as subject matter experts. They lead development teams, provide guidance on complex technical issues, and are involved in strategic planning and decision-making. They also mentor and coach other developers to further enhance the team’s capabilities.$120,000 – $150,000+

How and where is Kubernetes (K8s) used?

How and where
Case NameCase Description
NetflixKubernetes has played a crucial role in Netflix’s infrastructure, helping them efficiently manage their massive scale. Netflix uses Kubernetes to deploy and manage thousands of microservices, ensuring high availability and fault tolerance. With Kubernetes, Netflix can seamlessly scale their services up or down based on demand, resulting in a seamless streaming experience for their millions of users.
SpotifySpotify leverages Kubernetes to power their backend infrastructure, allowing them to handle millions of music streams per day. Kubernetes enables Spotify to scale their services dynamically, ensuring optimal performance and reliability. By leveraging Kubernetes’ self-healing capabilities, Spotify can automatically recover from failures, minimizing downtime and providing uninterrupted music streaming to their users.
ShopifyShopify, a leading e-commerce platform, relies on Kubernetes to manage their vast network of online stores. Kubernetes helps Shopify handle the high traffic volume during peak shopping seasons and enables efficient resource allocation. With Kubernetes, Shopify can easily deploy updates and new features while maintaining stability and availability for their merchants and customers.
NASAKubernetes has found applications even in the realm of space exploration. NASA utilizes Kubernetes to manage the containerized workloads on the International Space Station (ISS) and ground-based operations. Kubernetes simplifies the deployment and management of critical software systems, ensuring reliable communication and data processing for NASA’s space missions.
GrabGrab, a prominent ride-hailing and food delivery service in Southeast Asia, relies on Kubernetes to power their backend infrastructure. Kubernetes enables Grab to handle millions of daily transactions and ensure reliable and efficient service delivery. With Kubernetes, Grab can scale its services based on demand, provide fault tolerance, and quickly deploy new features to meet evolving customer needs.
AdobeAdobe leverages Kubernetes to enhance their Creative Cloud platform, which supports a wide range of creative applications. Kubernetes enables Adobe to efficiently manage the deployment and scaling of their services, ensuring high-performance and availability for their users. With Kubernetes, Adobe can deliver new software updates seamlessly while maintaining a stable and responsive user experience.
SoundCloudSoundCloud, a popular music streaming platform, relies on Kubernetes to handle their large-scale infrastructure. Kubernetes allows SoundCloud to dynamically scale their services, ensuring uninterrupted music streaming and a seamless user experience. With Kubernetes, SoundCloud can optimize resource utilization, manage traffic spikes, and easily roll out new features to their vast user base.
PinterestPinterest utilizes Kubernetes to power their platform, which hosts billions of pins and serves millions of users. Kubernetes helps Pinterest handle the massive scale of their infrastructure, ensuring high availability and efficient resource utilization. With Kubernetes, Pinterest can deploy new features, perform rolling updates, and scale their services seamlessly while maintaining an exceptional user experience.
BMWBMW utilizes Kubernetes to manage their software applications and services across their global infrastructure. Kubernetes enables BMW to streamline their development and deployment processes, ensuring consistent and reliable experiences for their customers. With Kubernetes, BMW can efficiently scale their services, improve resource utilization, and quickly adapt to changing market demands.
GitHubGitHub, one of the largest code hosting platforms, relies on Kubernetes to power their extensive infrastructure. Kubernetes enables GitHub to handle the massive code repositories, ensuring efficient code collaboration and high availability for millions of developers worldwide. With Kubernetes, GitHub can dynamically scale their services, handle traffic spikes, and seamlessly roll out new features to enhance developer productivity.

Hard skills of a Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Hard skills

As a Kubernetes (K8s) Developer, having a strong set of hard skills is crucial to effectively work with this container orchestration platform. Here are the hard skills required for different levels of expertise:


  • Containerization: Proficiency in containerization technologies like Docker, including building and managing container images.
  • Kubernetes Fundamentals: Understanding the core concepts of Kubernetes, including pods, services, deployments, and namespaces.
  • Kubectl: Familiarity with the command-line interface tool for interacting with Kubernetes clusters.
  • Deployment: Knowledge of deploying applications to Kubernetes clusters using YAML manifests or Helm charts.
  • Monitoring and Logging: Basic understanding of monitoring and logging tools like Prometheus, Grafana, and ELK stack for troubleshooting and performance optimization.


  • Networking: Deep understanding of Kubernetes networking concepts, including service discovery, load balancing, and network policies.
  • Scaling and Autoscaling: Experience in scaling applications horizontally and vertically, and configuring autoscaling based on metrics like CPU and memory usage.
  • Backup and Disaster Recovery: Knowledge of backup and disaster recovery strategies for Kubernetes clusters, including etcd data backups.
  • Security: Familiarity with securing Kubernetes clusters through RBAC (Role-Based Access Control), network policies, and implementing security best practices.
  • CI/CD Integration: Experience in integrating Kubernetes with continuous integration and deployment tools like Jenkins, GitLab CI, or CircleCI.
  • Service Mesh: Understanding and hands-on experience with service mesh technologies like Istio or Linkerd.
  • Kubernetes Operators: Knowledge of building and using Kubernetes Operators to automate complex application management tasks.


  • Performance Optimization: Expertise in optimizing application performance on Kubernetes clusters, including resource tuning, caching strategies, and load balancing techniques.
  • Multi-Cluster Management: Experience in managing multiple Kubernetes clusters and implementing federation or multi-cluster strategies.
  • Advanced Networking: Proficiency in advanced Kubernetes networking features like network plugins (e.g., Calico, Cilium), ingress controllers, and network policies for fine-grained control.
  • Security Auditing: Ability to perform security audits and vulnerability assessments on Kubernetes clusters, ensuring compliance with industry standards.
  • Disaster Recovery Planning: Expertise in designing and implementing disaster recovery plans for Kubernetes clusters, including backup and restore procedures.
  • Cost Optimization: Knowledge of optimizing infrastructure costs by right-sizing resources, implementing spot instances, or leveraging Kubernetes cluster autoscaling.
  • Advanced Troubleshooting: Ability to troubleshoot complex issues in Kubernetes clusters, including diagnosing networking problems, performance bottlenecks, and application failures.
  • Cloud Native Development: Proficiency in developing cloud-native applications using frameworks like Kubernetes-native APIs, Helm, and Operators.

Expert/Team Lead

  • Kubernetes Architecture: In-depth understanding of Kubernetes architecture, including control plane components, etcd, kube-proxy, and container runtimes.
  • Cluster Provisioning: Expertise in provisioning Kubernetes clusters using tools like kops, kubeadm, or infrastructure-as-code platforms (e.g., Terraform).
  • Advanced Security: Deep knowledge of securing Kubernetes clusters at every layer, including infrastructure security, container security, and application security.
  • Governance and Compliance: Ability to establish governance policies and ensure compliance with industry regulations and standards in Kubernetes deployments.
  • Custom Resource Definitions (CRDs): Experience in creating and managing custom resources using CRDs and extending Kubernetes API with custom controllers.
  • Infrastructure Automation: Proficiency in automating infrastructure tasks using tools like Ansible, Terraform, or cloud provider-specific automation tools.
  • High Availability and Disaster Recovery: Expertise in designing highly available Kubernetes architectures, implementing multi-region clusters, and disaster recovery strategies.
  • Performance Benchmarking: Ability to benchmark and optimize the performance of Kubernetes clusters through load testing, stress testing, and performance profiling.
  • Continuous Improvement: Proven track record of driving continuous improvement initiatives in Kubernetes deployments, including performance optimizations, cost savings, and operational efficiency.
  • Team Leadership: Strong leadership skills to guide and mentor a team of Kubernetes developers, providing technical guidance and ensuring project success.
  • Community Involvement: Active participation in the Kubernetes community, contributing to open-source projects, and sharing knowledge through conferences and meetups.

TOP 10 Facts about Kubernetes (K8s)

Facts about
  • Kubernetes, often referred to as K8s, is an open-source container orchestration platform developed by Google.
  • It was first announced in 2014 and has since become one of the most popular tools for managing containerized applications.
  • Kubernetes provides a scalable and automated way to deploy, manage, and scale applications in a cluster environment.
  • One of the key features of Kubernetes is its ability to automatically handle containerized application deployments and rollbacks, ensuring high availability and reducing downtime.
  • With Kubernetes, developers can easily define the desired state of their applications using declarative configuration files, allowing for efficient and reproducible deployments.
  • Kubernetes supports multiple container runtimes, including Docker, containerd, and CRI-O, giving users flexibility in choosing the best runtime for their needs.
  • Kubernetes has a robust ecosystem with a wide range of tools and services that complement its core functionality, such as monitoring and logging solutions, service mesh frameworks, and CI/CD pipelines.
  • It provides built-in features for load balancing, scaling, and self-healing, allowing applications to automatically adapt to changes in demand and recover from failures.
  • Kubernetes is highly extensible and customizable through its API, allowing users to add their own custom resources and controllers to meet specific requirements.
  • Today, Kubernetes is widely adopted by organizations of all sizes and across various industries, including technology giants like Google, Microsoft, and Amazon.

TOP 10 Tech facts and history of creation and versions about Kubernetes (K8s) Development

Facts and history
  • Kubernetes (K8s) is an open-source container orchestration platform that automates the deployment, scaling, and management of containerized applications.
  • It was initially developed by Google in 2014 and was based on their internal container orchestration system called Borg.
  • The project was open-sourced in 2015 and is now maintained by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation (CNCF).
  • Google engineer Joe Beda, along with Craig McLuckie and Brendan Burns, is credited with the creation of Kubernetes.
  • Kubernetes was designed to address the challenges associated with managing containers at scale, providing features like automatic scaling, service discovery, and rolling updates.
  • One of the key concepts in Kubernetes is the idea of a “pod,” which is the basic building block for deploying and scaling containers.
  • Kubernetes introduced the concept of declarative configuration, allowing users to define the desired state of their applications and letting Kubernetes handle the actual implementation.
  • Kubernetes has a rich ecosystem of tools and extensions, including Helm for package management, Istio for service mesh, and Prometheus for monitoring.
  • Since its release, Kubernetes has gained significant popularity and has become the de facto standard for container orchestration, being adopted by organizations like Microsoft, Amazon, and IBM.
  • Kubernetes has seen multiple major releases, with version 1.0 being released in 2015 and the latest stable release, as of September 2021, being version 1.22.

Soft skills of a Kubernetes (K8s) Developer

Soft skills

Soft skills are essential for a Kubernetes (K8s) Developer as they play a crucial role in collaborating with teams, communicating effectively, and driving successful projects. Here are the soft skills required at different levels of expertise:


  • Problem-solving: Ability to analyze and resolve issues related to Kubernetes deployments and configurations.
  • Teamwork: Collaborate with team members to contribute effectively to the development and maintenance of Kubernetes applications.
  • Communication: Clearly communicate ideas, challenges, and progress updates to team members and stakeholders.
  • Adaptability: Be open to learning new technologies and adapting to changing project requirements.
  • Attention to detail: Pay meticulous attention to Kubernetes configurations and ensure accuracy.


  • Leadership: Take ownership of Kubernetes projects and guide junior team members in their work.
  • Time management: Efficiently prioritize tasks and meet project deadlines while ensuring quality.
  • Collaboration: Work closely with cross-functional teams, such as DevOps and QA, to ensure smooth integration and deployment of Kubernetes applications.
  • Problem-solving: Apply advanced troubleshooting skills to identify and resolve complex Kubernetes issues.
  • Documentation: Document Kubernetes architectures, configurations, and processes for future reference.
  • Interpersonal skills: Build strong relationships with team members and stakeholders to foster effective communication and collaboration.
  • Continuous learning: Stay updated with the latest Kubernetes trends, best practices, and technologies.


  • Mentorship: Mentor and guide junior and middle-level developers in Kubernetes best practices and architectural design.
  • Strategic thinking: Develop long-term Kubernetes strategies aligned with organizational goals.
  • Project management: Lead Kubernetes projects from inception to deployment, ensuring successful delivery.
  • Conflict resolution: Resolve conflicts within the team and facilitate smooth collaboration.
  • Decision-making: Make informed decisions regarding Kubernetes architecture, scalability, and performance.
  • Presentation skills: Effectively present Kubernetes solutions and strategies to stakeholders and clients.
  • Vendor management: Evaluate and manage relationships with Kubernetes-related vendors and service providers.
  • Innovation: Drive innovation by exploring new Kubernetes tools, technologies, and techniques.

Expert/Team Lead

  • Strategic planning: Develop and execute long-term Kubernetes strategies for the organization.
  • Team leadership: Lead and manage a team of Kubernetes developers, providing guidance and support.
  • Architecture design: Design scalable and highly available Kubernetes architectures.
  • DevOps integration: Collaborate with DevOps teams to automate infrastructure and deployment pipelines.
  • Budgeting: Manage budgets and resources for Kubernetes projects.
  • Vendor evaluation: Assess and select Kubernetes-related vendors and technologies.
  • Technical advocacy: Promote Kubernetes adoption within the organization and industry.
  • Thought leadership: Contribute to the Kubernetes community through blog posts, speaking engagements, or open-source contributions.
  • Risk management: Identify and mitigate potential risks associated with Kubernetes deployments.
  • Business acumen: Understand the business impact of Kubernetes solutions and align them with organizational goals.
  • Continuous improvement: Drive continuous improvement in Kubernetes processes, tools, and methodologies.

What are top Kubernetes (K8s) instruments and tools?

Instruments and tools
  • Kubectl: Kubectl is a command-line interface (CLI) tool for interacting with Kubernetes clusters. It allows users to deploy and manage applications, inspect and debug running containers, and perform other administrative tasks. Kubectl has been an integral part of Kubernetes since its initial release in 2014 and is widely used by developers and administrators.
  • Minikube: Minikube is a tool that enables users to run a single-node Kubernetes cluster on their local machine. It is primarily used for development and testing purposes, allowing developers to quickly set up and experiment with Kubernetes without the need for a full-scale production cluster. Minikube was first released in 2015 and has gained popularity among developers due to its simplicity and ease of use.
  • Helm: Helm is a package manager for Kubernetes that simplifies the deployment and management of applications on the platform. It provides a templating engine for defining Kubernetes manifests and allows users to easily package and distribute applications as Helm charts. Helm was introduced in 2015 and has become a widely adopted tool in the Kubernetes ecosystem.
  • Prometheus: Prometheus is an open-source monitoring and alerting toolkit that is commonly used in Kubernetes environments. It provides a time series database for storing and querying metrics, as well as a flexible query language for retrieving and analyzing data. Prometheus was first released in 2012 and has since become one of the most popular monitoring solutions for Kubernetes clusters.
  • Grafana: Grafana is a data visualization and analytics platform that is often used alongside Prometheus for monitoring Kubernetes clusters. It allows users to create interactive dashboards and charts to visualize metrics and performance data. Grafana was initially released in 2014 and has gained widespread adoption in the Kubernetes community.
  • Fluentd: Fluentd is a log collection and aggregation tool that is commonly used in Kubernetes environments for centralized logging. It provides a unified logging layer that allows users to collect logs from various sources, transform them, and forward them to different destinations. Fluentd was first released in 2011 and has become a popular choice for log management in Kubernetes clusters.
  • Spinnaker: Spinnaker is a continuous delivery platform that is often used in Kubernetes environments for deploying and managing applications. It provides a declarative model for defining deployment pipelines and supports various deployment strategies, such as canary deployments and automated rollbacks. Spinnaker was open-sourced by Netflix in 2015 and has gained traction as a powerful tool for managing deployments in Kubernetes.
  • Containerd: Containerd is an open-source container runtime that is widely used in Kubernetes clusters. It provides a runtime environment for executing containers and manages container lifecycle operations, such as starting, stopping, and pausing containers. Containerd was initially developed by Docker in 2017 and has since become a core component of the Kubernetes ecosystem.
  • Linkerd: Linkerd is a service mesh platform that provides observability, security, and reliability features for microservices running in Kubernetes. It acts as a transparent proxy between services, enabling advanced traffic management and monitoring capabilities. Linkerd was first released in 2016 and has gained popularity as a lightweight and easy-to-use service mesh solution.

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